VOLUME: The collection includes five humorous journals published around 1870.
MAIN LIBRARY COLLECTION
Satirical newspapers rank among the first illustrated Slovenian newspapers. Around 1870, there were five Slovenian satirical journals, inspired by the Viennese, Trieste, Czech and other humorous papers.
Brencelj v lažnivi obleki (1869-1875, 1877-1885) was the first Slovenian humorous newspaper published in Ljubljana by Jakob Alešovec. Published in a scheduled period, it was frequently undated. It was confiscated several times, since its criticism spared no one. Its content was directed against non-Germans who advocated Germanisation.
Jurij s pušo (1869–1870) was a monthly published and edited by Gašper Martelanc (1829-1884) in Trieste. Only 24 issues were published. It was the second satirical or humorous newspaper in the history of the Slovenian satire. It spoke out strongly against German, Italian and other opponents of the Slovenian national interests in Trieste.
Petelinček (1870) was a humorous successor to Jurij s pušo published by Gašper Martelanc. But after three issues, this monthly also faded away. Not a single issue has been preserved.
Sršeni (1871) was a journal that was edited and published by Ivan Železnikar (1839-1892); only two issues were published. It was published by liberally oriented young Slovenes from Styria, who in the middle of 1870 triggered the extinction of Levstik's satirical paper Pavliha. The journal that reminded of both, Pavliha and Brencelj was printed by the Narodna tiskarna in Maribor.
Pavliha (1870) was the most popular and the best Slovenian humorous newspaper of that period. It was published in Vienna. Its publisher, editor, owner and author of the articles was Fran Levstik, other collaborators were Josip Stritar, Josip Jurčič, Simon Jenko, the famous Czech cartoonist Karel Klíč who contributed caricatures free of charge. Due to its uncompromising mocking of supporters of the liberal stream in the Slovenian politics, the publication of Pavliha was blocked after only seven issues published. Levstik was suspected of collaboration with the government - his support was withdrawn and the newspaper ceased to be published. Its content and artistic perfection made it the model for more than sixty humorous and satirical papers published until the Second World War. Pavliha introduced into the Slovenian satirical periodicals the ambitiously conceived portrait caricature.
- Smilja AMON in Karmen ERJAVEC, Slovensko časopisno izročilo 1: od začetka do 1918, Ljubljana 2011.
- Damir GLOBOČNIK, Likovna satira: poglavja o karikaturi v slovenskih satiričnih listih, 2012
- Janko ŠLEBINGER, Slovenski časniki in časopisi: bibliografski pregled od 1797–1936, Ljubljana 1937.