V primeru naravne kastrofe: poplave (spletni seminar)

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(Posledice poplav v Krajevni knjižnici Poljane, avtorica fotografije: Bernarda Buh, Knjižnica Ivana Tavčarja Škofja Loka /
The aftermath of the floods in the Poljane Local Library unit of the Ivan Tavčar Library Škofja Loka, photo by Bernarda Buh)


V primeru naravne katastrofe: poplave

In the event of a disaster: floods
 

6. februar 2024
February 6, 2024

Spletni seminar 
Webinar

[Jump to English]

[Program / Programme]
 

4. avgusta 2023 smo bili po dolgotrajnem močnem nalivu priča najhujši naravni nesreči v zgodovini Slovenije. Prizadeti sta bili kar dve tretjini slovenskega ozemlja, pri čemer je bilo največ škode na cestni, energetski in bivalni infrastrukturi. Poplavno škodo je utrpela tudi kulturna dediščina, najhuje na Gorenjskem, v Savinjski dolini in na Koroškem. Med drugim so bili poškodovani Knjižnica Ivana Tavčarja Škofja Loka, enota Krajevna knjižnica Poljane, Knjižnice Domžale, enota Knjižnica Janeza Trdine Mengeš, Osrednja knjižnica Mozirje, številni arhivi, muzeji in likovne galerije. Ministrstvo za kulturo Republike Slovenije je hitro aktiviralo načrt dejavnosti ob poplavah in ustanovilo tudi delovno skupino, v kateri so vodje Narodnega muzeja Slovenije, Narodne in univerzitetne knjižnice, Zavoda za varstvo kulturne dediščine Slovenije, Direktorata za kulturno dediščino na Ministrstvu za kulturo RS in Arhiva RS, ki je koordinirala urejanje sanacije.

Pri reševanju tako življenj kot tudi vsega drugega je najpomembnejše pridobiti relevantne informacije v ključnem trenutku. Zato smo se odločili pripraviti in posneti seminar v sodelovanju z Mednarodno zvezo bibliotekarskih društev in ustanov (IFLA). Ta nam kot svetovna organizacija, ki združuje številne strokovnjake z različnih področij dejavnosti knjižnic, omogoča tudi pretok najnovejših in najustreznejših informacij o standardih ter navodilih, kako se pripraviti na nevarnost poplav in kako ukrepati med in po poplavah. Spletni seminar (s prevodom) bomo po koncu objavili na spletni strani.

Seminar je namenjen vsem zaposlenim v knjižnicah ter ostalih institucijah, ki hranijo pisno kulturno dediščino, torej tako knjižničarjem, bibliotekarjem, arhivarjem, muzealcem, konservatorjem-restavratorjem kot tudi vsem, ki jih zanima, kako ravnati v primeru poplav.

Seminar je potekal v angleškem jeziku. 

Organizatorki: IFLA Sekcija za varovanje in ohranjanje (PRESCONS) in IFLA Sekcija za redke knjige in posebne zbirke (IFLA Rare books and Special Collections section).
 

Posnetek spletnega seminarja [Youtube]


 


On August 4, 2023, following a prolonged heavy downpour, Slovenia witnessed the worst natural disaster in its history. Two-thirds of the Slovenian territory was affected, causing significant damage to roadways, energy infrastructure, and residential areas. Flood damage also severely impacted cultural heritage, especially in the Gorenjska region, the Savinja Valley, and Carinthia. Among the affected were the Ivan Tavčar Library in Škofja Loka, the Poljane Local Library unit, the Domžale Libraries, the Janez Trdina Library unit in Mengeš, the Central Mozirje Library, numerous archives, museums, and art galleries. The Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Slovenia promptly activated its flood response plan and established a task force comprising leaders from the National Museum of Slovenia, the National and University Library, the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, the Directorate for Cultural Heritage at the Ministry of Culture, and the National Archives, which coordinated the conservation and restoration efforts.

Obtaining relevant information at critical moments is crucial when rescuing lives and addressing other consequences. Therefore, we have decided to organize and record a seminar in collaboration with the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). As a global organization that brings together numerous experts from various library-related fields, IFLA facilitates the dissemination of the latest and most relevant information on standards and guidelines for preparing for flood hazards and implementing action plans during and after floods. The online seminar (with translation) will be made available on the website after its conclusion.

The seminar is intended for all library employees and other institutions preserving written cultural heritage. This includes librarians, archivists, museum professionals, conservators, and anyone interested in gaining knowledge on how to handle flood situations.

Organizers: IFLA Preservation and Conservation section (PRESCONS) and IFLA Rare books and Special Collections section.
 

Recording of the Webinar [Youtube]


 

Program / Programme

 

Abstract

International standards and guidelines related to Emergency Preparedness A standards-based approach to emergency preparedness enables libraries to benefit from the knowledge and experience of a wide range of best practices to draft their own plan and procedures. Standards are published documents based on accepted best practices. These create methods and requirements and provide a low-cost effective way for libraries to access and use the knowledge gained over time by institutions in different contexts. But there are also factors which inhibit their use as a preservation and conservation strategy. Standards can be intimidating to read and resource intensive to implement. Standards are not meant to provide procedures ready to implement in any emergency situation. Nevertheless they are drafted to meet the needs of libraries in different contexts. The most recent standards and guidelines demonstrate adaptation efforts to make them more useable in libraries of all type and size around the world, providing with new tools to help them draft their own emergency policies and procedures in a preparedness phase.

Abstract

The paper provides an account of the emergency management response to the flooding of libraries and archives in Tuscany on 2-11-2023. The disaster affected the libraries and archives of 26 municipalities, one province, and one public hospital, resulting in the flooding of over 3.5 km of archival heritage and the destruction of 53% of the books in the Municipal Library in Campi Bisenzio (Villa Montalvo). The presentation details the involvement of regional and state authorities, such as the Ministry of Culture and Archival Superintendency, in the Task Force, and outlines the actions taken. It also highlights the challenges encountered and suggests potential solutions. Following the assessment and estimation of the damage extent, the paper briefly outlines the phases involved in the recovery of the archival heritage and the reconstruction of the library in the Municipality of Campi Bisenzio. Lastly, it underscores the crucial role of volunteers and the collaborative efforts of public and private entities contributing funds to aid in the restoration process.

Abstract

Floodings in Paris, the preparation plan of the National Library of France. During a flood alert, the decision to evacuate a threatened collection of a library is an important one. If not thought out carefully, a hastily executed move can expose valuable collections to unforeseen threats. Although floods are usually slow to develop in Paris, the decision of a preventive evacuation must be taken at the appropriate moment considering the time needed for the relocation, the reality of the threat and the need for service continuity. In the context of its flood protection plan, the national Library of France has conceived a model of box that contributes to saving time in case of a flood and prevents damages during an evacuation. Combining accessibility to the documents with security requirements, this model can be implemented in different contexts.

Abstract

Risk management of cultural heritage is a valuable tool that is widely used in the management of collections today. From this perspective, comprehensive analyses and evaluations are conducted on the 10 Agents of Deterioration of Cultural Heritage. This webinar will focus on one specific agent of deterioration: water. The occurrences associated with the WATER agent encompass a broad typology, including rain, leaks, floods, among other factors, each with diverse causes and consequences that can significantly impact collections. It is crucial to analyze this multitude of factors and their interplay with other deterioration agents. This approach ensures preparedness for inevitable events, recognizing that water-related incidents will occur. Throughout the program, we will present various examples and case studies showcasing effective strategies for safeguarding heritage during water-related disasters. Drawing on the experiences of institutions that have faced water-related challenges is particularly relevant. These experiences provide insights into the elements of rescue work and areas that can be enhanced. The ultimate goal is continuous learning, expanding the knowledge network, and refining the process mapping to enhance overall preparedness and response capabilities.

Abstract

The written cultural heritage in Mali is confronted with numerous threats, as a combination of human and natural events exposes library and archive heritage to risks, sometimes resulting in severe damage. The country's landlocked geography, characterized by a climatic spectrum from subtropical desert zones in the north to tropical wet-dry zones in the south, often leads to floods from the Niger River, impacting both communities and assets. High-intensity disasters, such as floods, are integral to a broader scenario of weather and water-related issues, ranging from rain to dramatic fluctuations in relative humidity. The location and settings of local libraries play a crucial role in either increasing or mitigating the vulnerability of collections. The presentation will delve into these hazards and their impact on written cultural heritage, along with a discussion of prevention and response measures implemented in specific cases."

Abstract

After the 2002 floods in Prague, a multifunctional vacuum chamber was developed with financial support from the Mellon Foundation. This chamber serves for the drying, disinfection, and disinsection of books and paper documents. Our approach employs various drying methods, utilizing different pressure and temperature settings to ensure safety. Since then, we continue to assist cultural institutions in the aftermath of floods and other crises, aiding in the conservation of wet books and materials. Additionally, we have pioneered a secure drying method for wet books using a vacuum packaging machine. A mobile working station for initial aid will be introduced to enhance our emergency response capabilities. This abstract sheds light on the initiatives undertaken by the Collection Preservation Division of the National Library of the Czech Republic in managing our institution's emergency plan. Moreover, it outlines our involvement in coordinating emergency plans across Czech libraries and the Visegrad Four Group region. This account serves as an inspirational resource for other libraries, offering valuable information and ideas on where to commence discussions about emergency plans and steps, even when resources are limited.